Exercise regularly to build strength and improve your balance/coordination. Ask your doctor about the best physical exercise for you.
Take your time - get out of chairs slowly. Sit a moment before you get out of your bed. Stand and get your balance before you walk.
Be aware of your surroundings - keep stairs and walking areas free of electrical cords, shoes, clothing, books, magazines, and other items.
Improve the lighting in and outside your home
- Use nightlights or a flashlight to light the path between your bedroom and the bathroom.
- Turn on the lights before using the stairs.
- Stairways should be well lit from both the top and the bottom.
- See an eye specialist once a year—better vision can help prevent falls.
Be aware of uneven surfaces indoors and outdoors
- If you must have scatter rugs, make sure they lay flat and do not slide when you step on them.
- Smooth out wrinkles and folds in carpeting.
- Be aware of uneven sidewalks and pavement outdoors.
- Ask a family member or friend to clear ice and snow from outside stairs and walkways and always use hand rails if available. Step carefully.
- Have easy-to-grip handrails installed along the full length of both sides of the stairs.
- Wear sturdy, well-fitting, low-heeled shoes with non-slip soles. They are safer than high heels, thick-soled athletic shoes, slippers, or stocking feet.
- Use non-slip mats in the bathtub and on shower floors
- Have grab bars installed on the wall next to the bathtub, shower, and toilet. Wipe up spilled liquids immediately.